Hair Loss Treatment
Dr.Sam and the team behind NuaCell have provided a bespoke and gold-standard hair loss and hair restoration clinic called HRI (the Hair Restoration Institute) for many years in the clinic in Malahide. These services continue, under the exact same team in the same clinic, but now operate under the new clinical umbrella of NuaCell!
Understanding Hair Loss
Why are you losing your hair?
There are a number of reasons why you might be experiencing hair loss, and the factors influencing this loss can differ from person to person.
Male/Female Genetic Pattern Baldness
Also known as Androgenic Alopecia, this is the most common form of hair loss among men and women. This condition occurs in up to 50% of the population, and is caused by genetic factors. A hormone called DHT, or Dihydrotestosterone, attacks receptors on hair follicles on the scalp. This causes the small blood vessels supplying these follicles to shut down, eliminating the oxygen and nutrient supply to the hair follicle. The hair gradually shrinks until the follicle can no longer produce a hair, and enters into a resting, or dormant, state (It is important to note here that in most cases the hair follicle is not dead, simply dormant). This is traditional genetic pattern hair loss.
In women, this generally results in a diffuse loss and thinning of the hair, and in men, the hair loss generally follows a pattern of receding in the hairline, thinning and balding in the vertex, and in many cases total loss of the hair on the top of the scalp. The hair on the back and sides of the head does not contain the receptors for DHT, and so generally will not be lost in the same manner as the hair on top of the head.
Alopecia is in fact the term for ‘hair loss’, however there are many forms of alopecia, such as Areata, where certain patches of hair are lost, Totalis, where all of the hair on the head is lost, or Universalis, where a person experiences complete loss of all the hair on the body, including eyebrows, facial hair and pubic hair.
The causes of many of these forms of alopecia are still not fully understood, and they can cause the hair to fall out in a variety of different ways, however it is thought that stress, immune system issues and certain illnesses and diseases can trigger or contribute to these forms of hair loss.
There are some acute and traumatic causes for hair loss, where the scalp or hair follicle is physically damaged as a result of illness or injury.
If you experience a burn or a cut to the scalp, for example, it is possible to damage and destroy hair follicles, and eliminate the possibility of a hair growing in that area again. Similarly, if you experience scarring of an area, again resulting from an injury, or a specific condition like frontal fibrosing alopecia (a common complaint affecting the hairline in females specifically) this can negatively affect the blood supply to the follicles in the area. There are ways of stimulating the growth of new tissue in these areas, however these cases can offer more unique challenges.
Treating Hair Loss
Managing hair loss effectively involves much more than simply having a procedure. When it comes to creating an effective plan to achieve proper results, there are 3 parts to every journey:
PREVENTION: Preventing further hair loss from developing should be the first consideration for every case, regardless of the severity of the loss.
STIMULATION: It’s possible in many cases to stimulate the hair follicles to grow again through the use of regenerative and adjunctive therapies.
INTERVENTION: Surgical intervention, such as FUE hair transplants, and non-surgical intervention, such as scalp micro pigmentation, can be effectively used to manage hair loss, but are always the last piece of the overall puzzle to consider.
FUE Hair Transplants
FUE or Follicle Unit Excision hair transplants are the modern Gold Standard for surgical hair loss treatments. The number of follicles required for an individual will depend on the severity and pattern of the hair loss, and this is always determined in a comprehensive consultation process with the hair restoration surgeon. Hair transplants are extremely successful procedures when performed correctly by trained and experienced professionals.
For optimum results, these procedures can be combined with a number of adjunctive therapies to enhance and improve the outcome.
Watch the videos below to learn more about these procedures.
What is a Hair Transplant?
FUE vs FUT – What’s the Difference?
Regenerative Medicine and Hair Loss
In many cases, especially in mild and early stage hair loss, it is possible to avoid ever needing a surgical procedure such as an FUE hair transplant. Regenerative options, such as PRP, PRF and so forth, provide an avenue of treatment for clients who may not need or want a transplant, and while they are often used in conjunction with surgery, these treatments have been very successfully used to regrow hair, increase density and reduce the need for more intrusive procedures.
How can regenerative medicine help?
Hair loss can be caused by a variety of different factors. In most cases it is a progressive, degenerative condition linked to genetic factors. In some cases hair loss can also be caused by medical conditions, stress, injury and other factors. It is extremely important to determine the cause of the hair loss before considering treatment.
In cases of male or female pattern hair loss, the hair follicle is attacked by DHT (dihydrotestosterone), which causes the follicle to shrink in a process called miniaturisation. The blood supply to the hair is impaired, and the follicle does not receive essential nutrients to grow, so it eventually shuts down completely. Regenerative medicine can help reverse this process, by stimulating the increase in blood supply to the follicles, the release of vital growth factors in the scalp, and the activation of special stem cells responsible for hair growth.
How do the the treatments work?
Treating hair loss involves a holistic approach. As this is generally an ongoing condition, it requires a carefully developed plan to manage properly. Regenerative treatments will often be prescribed in conjunction with each other, as part of a combination therapy, which means several treatments will be used together over a course of time to achieve the best results. Which treatments are recommended, and how often they are required, depends entirely on the individual case and the extent of the hair loss.
A common misconception with these treatments, such as PRP for example, is that these are ‘one-stop’ or ‘quick fix’ treatments. This is not correct, as hair loss requires some level of ongoing management.
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